Questions about the regulations surrounding registration for the Selective Service are ones that we see frequently in Grown and Flown Parents. It’s a confusing topic and the rules may seem unclear. So here is everything you need to know about how to help your son register with the Selective Service.
Although there has not been a draft in the United States since 1973, the requirement to register for the Selective Service was reinstated in 1980 and applies to all men born on or after January 1,1960.
Current Selective Service Law
Current law requires that with a few exceptions, every male citizen and immigrant (documented or undocumented) between the ages of 18-25 is required to register with the Selective Service. Men are required to register during a 60 day registration period, within 30 days of their 18th birthday (30 days before until 29 days after their 18th birthday).
Further, they must let the Selective Service know within 10 days of any changes in the information provided in their original registration until they turn 26. Those who register for the Selective Service form the prospective pool of people who might be drafted if the draft is ever reinstated.
How Do I Register?
There are several ways to register. You can register online using the Selective Service Registration website if you are a United States citizen with a valid social security number. If you are a citizen who has not recently moved you will get a registration card on or about your 18th birthday. You can simply fill that out and place it back in the mail.
You can also register through your application for financial aid via the Free Application for Federal Student Financial Aid (FAFSA) by checking yes where appropriate and you will automatically be registered for the Selective Service.
Finally, any man, regardless of citizenship, visa or immigration status can register at any U.S. post office.
Within 90 days of registering you should receive a confirmation of your registration. If you don’t get confirmation call the Selective Service.
If a man does not register within the specified time period he is technically in violation of the law. However, late registration with no consequences is allowed until a man turns 26. At that point it is too late to register.
Failure to Register
Failure to register by the age of 26 can make a person ineligible for federal student loans and grants, certain federal job training, federal jobs or security clearance or in the case of immigrants, U.S. citizenship. Individual states also have their own sanctions for failure to register, including, in some states, the inability to get a driver’s license.
Failure to register can also result in jail time and/or a fine.
What Does Registration Mean?
Registration does NOT necessarily mean that you will be drafted. In the event of a draft, registered males will be selected by a random lottery and their birth year. Then, they will be examined for mental, physical, and moral fitness by the military before either being deferred, exempted from, or inducted into the Armed Forces
What Can you Do If You Did Not Register?
If you did not register by your 26th birthday and are suffering the consequences, you have the following recourse: you can explain to the official handling your case, the reasons for your failure to register. The burden of proof is on you to prove by the preponderance of the evidence that your failure to register was not knowing or wilful.
You may be asked to provide a “status information” letter which is an official response from the Selective Service. You may request clarification from the Selective Service by way of an easily downloadable form called a Request for a Status Information Letter. This letter will indicate whether or not you are registered or whether you are exempt from registration.
Who Does Not Have to Register?
The following people are not required to register:
- Any male resident above the age of 26
- Residents of American Samoa who have never lived in the US
- Active duty military personnel
- Hospitalized, incarcerated, or imprisoned men (though they must apply within 30 days of release)
- US residents on student or visitor visas
- Individuals living in the US as part of a diplomatic or trade mission
- Individuals who are born female and choose to realign as men